Cultural Heritage

A STUDY OF THE RAMAYANA AND MAHABHARATA

In this paper, an attempt is made to study the Ramayana and the Mahabharata, both of which represent the ethos of ancient India. The Ramayana. according to tradition, owes its origin to an extraordinary circumstance. A hunter's arrow killed one of a pair of curlews. Moved to pity at this tragic incident, the Sage Valmiki cursed the fowler: he did so in vers

MAHISHA, THE BUFFALO DEMON

Rambha, demon son of rishi Kasyapa and Danu, mother of the Danavas, married a Mahishi (female buffalo). They had a son, Mahisha. Rambha and his wife were killed by a giant buffalo, but the son grew up to become the king of the Mahishas.

Mahisha lived in the Vindhya Mountains and, by the practice of severe austerities, gained the

DHENUPURISHVARA TEMPLE MADAMBAKKAM

The Dhenupurishvarar temple at Madambakkam, a small suburb close to Tambaram, is one of the oldest Chola temples in the city of Chennai. It probably dates back to the reign of Parantaka. Chola II, also known as Sundara Chola (956-973 A.D.). It is likely that this temple was rebuilt of stone in the later Chola period.

The main san

THE UNIQUE KALABHRA CAVE TEMPLE AT MELACHERI

Melacheri, a tiny village situated in Gingee taluk of Villupuram District has a rock–cut cave temple dedicated to Siva. This place is also known as Siva Gingee. This cave is excavated from the natural rock lying on the outskirts, north of this village. Locally, it is known as the Mattisvarar temple. It has a square garbhagriha with an oblong mukhamand

TEMPLE ENDOWMENTS – AGNEESWARER TEMPLE AT THIRUPPUGALUR – PART V

Ornaments

Ornaments were presented by many devotees during the reign of Rajendra II to the image of the god. Devan Pattagal Pandaram and his daughter set up the image of Suryadeva and his two consorts newly in the temple at Thiruppugalur. The names of donors are engraved in the inscription. Devan Pattagal Pandara

TEMPLE ENDOWMENTS – AGNEESWARER TEMPLE AT THIRUPPUGALUR – PART IV

Endowment for Food-offering

During the reign of Rajaraja I and Kulothunga I, there are a large number of endowments for food offerings to God and feeding the devotees. The details are given below:

There is an endowment in A.D. 1006 during the period of Rajaraja Chola during hi

TEMPLE ENDOWMENTS — AGNEESWARER TEMPLE AT THIRUPPUGALUR – PART III

Endowment and Donation for Lamps

There are more than 16 inscriptions recording the endowments or donations for lamps to be lit in front of Thiruppugalur Deva. The earliest inscription in Thiruppugalur temple registers a sale of land by the assembly to Gopan Sakuppu, a queen of Uttamachola for providing endowment

TEMPLE ENDOWMENTS — AGNEESWARER TEMPLE AT THIRUPPUGALUR – PART II

Endowment of lands

There is a mention of tax remission on land donated to the God Sri Pugalur Mahadeva in A.D. 1022 during the reign of Rajendra I by the assembly of Bhulokamanikka Chaturvedi Mangalam, a Brahmadeya in Panaiyurnadu, a division of Kshatriyasikhamani Valanadu in consideration of 150 kasus r

TEMPLE ENDOWMENTS — AGNEESWARER TEMPLE AT THIRUPPUGALUR – PART I

Since the time of the Pallava, people gave donations to the temple either for their prayer or after the fulfillment of their desire. Temple endowments were given for the sake of conducting pujas and festivals, for food offerings, for making ornaments and new idols, for lighting lamps and for new constructions and repair works inside the temple premises, etc. Philant

KANCHIPURAM: THE CITY OF A THOUSAND TEMPLES

Why Kanchipuram deserves World Heritage status

01Kailasanatha Temple, Kanchipura