Cultural Heritage

THE ROLE OF ROYAL PATRONAGE ON JAINA ART AND ARCHITECTUREIN TAMIL NADU – PART II

From the study of the epigraphs and Tamil literature of the Pallava and Chola periods, it is evident that the Chingleput, North Arcot, Pudukkottai and Madurai areas were dominated by the Jains during these periods, though every area of the Tamil country had atleast a few Jain centres.

One of the inscriptions dated about A.D. 1116

THE ROLE OF ROYAL PATRONAGE ON JAINA ART AND ARCHITECTURE IN TAMIL NADU – PART I

“Religion is the only friend which keeps company even after one's death, All the rest is destroyed with the body"

Jainism is an Indian religion and is still a living faith in some parts of the country. The number of its followers is just over two million. Its contribution to the Indian heritage is more signifi

THAGADUR MEMORIAL STONES – PART II

Irulappatty hero-stones

Of all the hero-stones discovered so far, the oldest one is found at Irulappatty (Pappambadi), a village in Harur taluk of Dharmapuri district. It belongs to the fifth century A.D. There is a reference about the ruler Kovisaya Vinna Varman of that time. It has been recorded in the fourth r

THAGADUR MEMORIAL STONES – PART I

The hero-cult and the philosophy underlying the process of commemoration are deep-rooted in our ancient literature and history. Memorial stones have been found in different parts of India for over a century. They are known locally by various names such as virakals, paliyas, nadukal, govardhan-stambas, kiriti-stambas, chaya-stambas or merely khatrias, st

LAKSHMI IN TAMIL LITERATURE – PART II

Kamban in his Ramayana describes Sita as the incarnation of Lakshmi. Apart from the usual information in the Ayodyakandam, Kamban describes Sita as being a step higher than Saraswati in knowledge.18

After the Alwars, another class of saints known as the acharyas nourished the Shrivaisnava sec

LAKSHMI IN TAMIL LITERATURE

One of the distinguishing characteristics of Hindu tradition is its amazing continuity. Many deities have their in remote antiquity and have undergone transformation and survived to this day. The cult of Sri Lakshmi, the Goddess of Wealth and Beauty, happens to be one of them.

The Goddess Sri, who is also known as Lakshmi or Tiru

GOUNDANKOLLI MEGALITHIC STONE CIRCLE IN THE NILGIRIS – A STUDY

Introduction

Earlier surveys of megalithic burial sites in the Nilgiris have revealed that there are three distinct tracts, viz., Upper Nilgiris, Sigur Plateau and Eastern Slopes. The recent exploratory survey of megalithic sites conducted in the Nilgiris by the author has brought to light the fact that megalithi

BHAIRAVA – CATTAINATHASVAMI CULT AND ICONOGRAPHY – PART III

Iconography of Bhairava-Cattainathasvami

A general form of Bhairava in art is essential in this connection in order to understand the other form and explainable with the help of an artistic specimen that come from Hoysalesvara temple at Halebidu.

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BHAIRAVA – CATTAINATHASVAMI CULT AND ICONOGRAPHY – PART II

Tamil concept of Bhairava

In Tamil tradition, Bhairava had not only suppressed the haughtiness of Brahma by plucking off his head, but also suppressed the insolent Nrsimha­-Visnu who became proud, out of his action of having killed demon Hiranyakasipu in the enumeration of Nrsimha incarnation of Visnu (Naray

BHAIRAVA – CATTAINATHASVAMI CULT AND ICONOGRAPHY – PART I

Siva, one of the Hindu triad, is a popular god worshipped everywhere in avyakta 'aniconic' linga form. He is distinguished by his two main aspects viz. saumya or santa 'mild disposition' and ugra "fierce disposition". In his ugra manifestation, he tries to destroy the evil for bringing cosmic amity and maintain t