KNOW YOUR PLANTS – BLACK PEPPER (Piper nigrum Linn.)

Black pepper occurs in the wild from North Karnataka to Kanyakumari. It is cultivated in Assam, Maharashtra and Kerala. Many centuries back, black pepper came to be considered as the “King of Spices”. It is because of this that the spice wars were fought, kingdoms were toppled and colonies established. In medieval Europe, this spice was more expensive than gold. Many explorers came to India....


THE ROLE OF ROYAL PATRONAGE ON JAINA ART AND ARCHITECTUREIN TAMIL NADU – PART III

In Sittannavasal and Narttamalai near Pudukkottai is the land where Jainism flourished for over fifteen hundred years, from 3rd century B.C. to 12th century A.D. This is the region that is rich in varieties of Jaina antiquities such as natural caverns, rock-cut shrines, fresco paintings, structural temples, rock-cut sculptures and statues of different deities of the Jaina pantheon and inscriptions....

THE ROLE OF ROYAL PATRONAGE ON JAINA ART AND ARCHITECTUREIN TAMIL NADU – PART II

From the study of the epigraphs and Tamil literature of the Pallava and Chola periods, it is evident that the Chingleput, North Arcot, Pudukkottai and Madurai areas were dominated by the Jains during these periods, though every area of the Tamil country had atleast a few Jain centres. One of the inscriptions dated about A.D. 1116 in the reign of the Chola King Kulottunga Chola I speaks of the pur....

THE ROLE OF ROYAL PATRONAGE ON JAINA ART AND ARCHITECTURE IN TAMIL NADU – PART I

“Religion is the only friend which keeps company even after one's death, All the rest is destroyed with the body" Jainism is an Indian religion and is still a living faith in some parts of the country. The number of its followers is just over two million. Its contribution to the Indian heritage is more significant than might be expected of its numerical strength. As an institutionalised religi....