KNOW YOUR ANIMALS – ROLE OF SMALL ANIMALS IN ECOLOGY

We tend to think of insects and small animals as pests rather than assets. But these seemingly insignificant and often troublesome creatures play a silent and unseen but vastly significant role in ecology. The term ecology was coined by combining two Greek words, “oikos” (meaning house or dwelling place) and “logos” (meaning the study of). Ecology is therefore the study of relationships b....


BHAIRAVA – CATTAINATHASVAMI CULT AND ICONOGRAPHY – PART III

Iconography of Bhairava-Cattainathasvami A general form of Bhairava in art is essential in this connection in order to understand the other form and explainable with the help of an artistic specimen that come from Hoysalesvara temple at Halebidu. He is nude carrying terrible weapons of attributes like the severed head and cup; long trisula, serpent, khatvanga (bone) in front right hands, khadga,....

BHAIRAVA – CATTAINATHASVAMI CULT AND ICONOGRAPHY – PART II

Tamil concept of Bhairava In Tamil tradition, Bhairava had not only suppressed the haughtiness of Brahma by plucking off his head, but also suppressed the insolent Nrsimha­-Visnu who became proud, out of his action of having killed demon Hiranyakasipu in the enumeration of Nrsimha incarnation of Visnu (Narayaniya section, Mahabharata; Bhagavata, Agni, Matsyapuranas). Sirkalisthalapuranam (v.5) o....

BHAIRAVA – CATTAINATHASVAMI CULT AND ICONOGRAPHY – PART I

Siva, one of the Hindu triad, is a popular god worshipped everywhere in avyakta 'aniconic' linga form. He is distinguished by his two main aspects viz. saumya or santa 'mild disposition' and ugra "fierce disposition". In his ugra manifestation, he tries to destroy the evil for bringing cosmic amity and maintain the balance of power and in his santa aspect he offers grace to devotees, guides humani....